Revolution, Revolutionists and Social Revolution.
A revolutionary movement is a specific type of social movement dedicated to carrying out a revolution. A revolution is considered an event which has a major impact on changing the political, economic or social structure of society- usually in a short space of time. A revolution may be violent or peaceful in order to achieve its aim. Whether you’re overthrowing a government or protesting an unjust law, you could be called a revolutionist, someone who works for political or social change.
A revolutionist is someone who wants to change the world — not just sitting around talking about it, but actually doing something to bring about change. Like its synonyms revolutionary and radical, a revolutionist is someone who questions authority, maybe by taking part in a demonstration to protest a government policy or by otherwise pointing out thing that he or she believes is wrong with society — then acting to try to fix it.
A social movement may want to make various reforms and to gain some control of the state, but as long as they do not aim for an exclusive control, its member’s aren’t revolutionary. When the old institutions crumble, there is no guarantee that more human-centered structures will replace them. In fact, conservatives have their own ideas about how the new world should be organized, and it's not pretty.
In the society a large number of changes have been brought about by efforts exerted by people individually and collectively. Such efforts have been called social movements. A social movement may, therefore, be defined as “collectively acting with some continuity to promote or resist a change in the society or group of which it is a part”.
Thus, social movement is the effort by an association to bring about a change in the society. A social movement may also be directed to resist a change. Some movements are directed to modify certain aspects of the existing social order whereas others may aim to change it completely. The former are called reform movements and the latter are known as revolutionary movements. Social movements may be of numerous kinds, such as religious movements, reform movements, or revolutionary movements.
Instead of political revolution, our goal should be social revolution. Social revolution is nothing more than a change in the way we live our lives. It springs from changes in the way we think. In today's context, revolution occurs when people stop believing one thing, and start believing something else; when people discard their old ways of living, and begin to live in new ways. When enough people lose faith in an institution and begin to act as if it did not exist, that institution disappears. Values and institutions are social constructions. They were not handed down by God or created by nature. We invented them. And if they don't serve our needs, we have the power to eliminate them. Everything we do can have revolutionary implications: how we make money, how we spend our leisure time, how we relate to our family, friends, co-workers, strangers. Every activity that asserts individuality and autonomy from corporate/government/religious control is in itself a profoundly revolutionary act, regardless of content.
The following are features of a social movement:
· It is an effort by a group;
· Its aim is to bring or resist a change in society;
· It may be organized or unorganized;
· It may be peaceful or violent;
· Its life is not certain. It may continue for a long period or it may die out soon.
Furthermore, we all must participate in the transformation of society—to ensure that human values replace the values of the old elite. Because destruction is also creation, the methods we use to pull down the ruins will determine what kind of world arises from the rubble. Our struggle should not be completely political because political revolutions simply deliver concentrated power into new hands, rather than dispersing it. Furthermore, political thought is rarely innovative: political change usually originates from social conditions, rather than the other way around.